ARTstor, Ithaka & JSTOR
Starting in the mid 1990s, the Foundation, under the direction of then-president William G. Bowen, devoted a significant portion of its grantmaking to several projects that resulted in what are now independent entities and leaders in the application of information technology in scholarly settings. The oldest of these organizations, JSTOR, was founded in 1995 as a project to digitize scholarly journals. JSTOR has grown to encompass an array of digital scholarly content, including the collections from and about Africa available through Aluka. Since 2009, JSTOR has been part of Ithaka, a newer organization (also developed at the Foundation) with the broad mission to help the academic community take full advantage of rapidly advancing information and networking technologies. ARTstor, which has been an independent entity since 2003, grew out of Foundation grant projects initiated in the late 1990s to digitize images from the Museum of Modern Art design collection and from Dunhuang, in western China. More information about these organizations is available on their websites.